Photo By : S Khorasani

Haj Agha Ali house

Haj Agha Ali house

The house of Haj Agha Ali is an inheritance that remains from the masterful hands of Iranian artists and the help of Mother Nature. This masterpiece is the biggest building in the category of ancient, traditional buildings; it is the most beautiful collection of Iranian architecture. The sophistication that the creators used is mesmerizing, the tore near the inscriptions are one of the unique aspects of the architecture in this place. This building is located six kilometers to Rafsanjan, the house of Haj Agha Ali was known to be the appropriative house of the city. The house is twelve thousand square meters with seven thousand square meters substructure.

This complex is a marvelous peace of architecture from Qajar era and includes eight sections of Markets(Bazar), reservoir( provider of water for the people which has an entrance decorated by flowered bricks and stunning tilling), mosque, motel(Karvansara), Bath, Chapel and Yakhdan( a place to store ice for the people of the city), each of this places had their functionality. This building is over hundred and thirty years old.

Haj Agha Ali`s house with the substructure of seven thousand square meteres and amazing Iranian architecture is considered one of the biggest, most ancient shingle houses in the world which was built by Haj Agha Ali known as Zaemallah Rafsanjani in the year 1136.

In the process of building this house, style and principles of Iranian architecture was used. In coherence to the climate of the area and considering the high temperature, dryness, wind and the existence of flowing sand, the building has an introverted situation and is surrounded by a tall stratum. The entrance of this majestic house is a great, high gate. Inside the house consists of several sections, symmetry was whiteout a doubt one of the key instruments of this house`s architecture. This house includes eighty-six rooms (seven door rooms, five door rooms, three door rooms and warehouses) that are placed in the four major sections of springhouse, alcove, fall house and winter house.

A big kitchen and warehouse were in charge of meeting the needs of the household, four yards, covered and uncovered halls and three porches where also parts of this building.

Springhouse`s halls: the biggest covered space of the house; the ceiling is covered at the height of second story with a great dome. In the background there is a rectangular shape and at the center pergola was used to provide light for the room. In the middle of the springhouse there is a large rectangular shaped pool that had been connected to the pools in the other yards and the water was provided from an aqueduct.

The springhouse is a two-story building that has some rooms and two halls in the north and south wings of the second story. The inside of the house is decorated by tore and arabesque designs. The hall of alcove or Bahare is placed at the center of the south wing of an up high porch; there are two accesses, which are placed at the sides.

In this section the porch is placed at the height of two stories and access to the upper level is possible through steps at the end of the halls. because the internal rooms where the place to entertain family and close friends the decorations have been done with utter precision, in the west and east wings there are fireplaces decorated by tore which have made the inside of the house look gorgeous. Winter and fall halls are placed at the west and north wings and are plainer than springhouse and alcove halls.